Ergonomics. It deals with the adequacy between the different capacities of people and the demands demanded by the work carried out. Initially, it was aimed fundamentally at the study and adaptation of the dimensions of jobs and the physical characteristics of people. He also studied the efforts and movements required by the tasks of the job. Over time, other aspects were included, which constitute the physical environment of work. These include lighting, temperature, humidity, and noise levels. The study of the physical environment is aimed at the analysis of the physical and mental demands of the tasksand its possible consequences on the worker.
The ultimate goal is to prevent your physical and mental fatigue from him. Labor psychosociology. It is the discipline that is responsible for the study of such important aspects as: working time, schedule, breaks, work pace, the organization of work itself, mental e commerce photo editing workload and labor relations, among others. Preventive techniques to monitor the health of workers work medicine. It is the only non-technical preventive discipline. It is aimed at studying the consequences of material and environmental conditions on people. Occupational medicine seeks to establish, together with the aforementioned preventive disciplines, working conditions that do not cause illnesses or damage to the health of workers.
At the same time, it deals with the treatment, cure and subsequent rehabilitation of occupational diseases. Combining this interdisciplinary methodology, the risk assessment process can be addressed. This is constituted in the tool or means, to identify the risks and subsequently plan all the preventive activities that are necessary, in the company. The different preventive techniques must be combined to achieve the final objective of occupational safety. Information and training another type of occupational risk prevention